International Institutions


Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles


"Institutional Diffusion in International Environmental Affairs" with Robert O. Keohane. 2012. International Affairs 88(3): 523-541. (Published in a special issue on "Rio+20 and the Global Environment: Reflections on Theory and Practice")

Abstract: We explore institutional diffusion in international environmental governance, specifying the conditions under which an existing set of institutions provides a template for new institutions. Prior institutional experiences can help to resolve bargaining problems, reduce transaction costs, and provide information about likely performance. We discuss five examples of institutional diffusion in international environmental affairs and outline some causal mechanisms and conditions that facilitate or block the diffusion of institutional characteristics. As a baseline analysis, based on assumptions that abstract from politics, we develop a functional argument about the conditions under which mimetic diffusion, reflecting a pattern of imitation, can occur. Although we focus in this short article on this functional argument, we recognize that state interests and power, ideology, and private interests also play significant roles in facilitating or inhibiting institutional diffusion in international environmental affairs.

Presented at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (London), Yale University, and the 2012 Annual Convention of the International Studies Association.


Working Paper


“Designing Global Science-Policy Institutions"

Presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, and at Columbia University (“Workshop on Advancing International Climate Change Cooperation,” April 2014).